Solving 'UnknownHostException' on Linux
Another tip for Ubuntu and Linux users this week. A few times I've had emails to the support inbox along these lines...
I have installed bliss on my Ubuntu laptop. The installation was successful and I could start bliss without errors on the console, however the webpage does not change from: I have it installed with Oracle Java version 8
HTTP ERROR: 503 Problem accessing /. Reason: Service Unavailable Powered by Jetty://
This can actually have a few different causes, but the most common cause on Linux is an inability of the computer running bliss to resolve its own hostname. This doesn't just affect Ubuntu users; it can affect all Linux users depending on your configuration. Indeed, it affected VortexBox users for a while.
So how do you find out this is an issue? The first step is to work out what your hostname is. On the command line:
$ hostname study-workstation
study-workstation is the hostname. Now we can see if we can resolve that name by
$ ping study-workstation ping: unknown host study-workstation
Oh dear! We have no way of resolving the host name "
study-workstation". You can double check this is the cause by looking in
2015-02-11 19:27:54,272 (thread FelixStartLevel) WARN FAILED LiftFilter: java.net.UnknownHostException: study-workstation:study-workstation: unknown error (AbstractLifeCycle.java:199) java.net.UnknownHostException: study-workstation: study-workstation: unknown error
A simple solution for home/small office setups is to edit your
/etc/hosts file to include an entry for the hostname. Here might be something like the default hosts file:
If we add in the hostname after the
127.0.0.1 line, that should allow us to resolve to the local machine (
127.0.0.1 is a special IP address that means loop back to the local computer).
127.0.0.1 localhost study-workstation
$ ping study-workstation PING study-workstation (127.0.0.1) 56(84) bytes of data. 64 bytes from study-workstation (127.0.0.1): icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.044 ms 64 bytes from study-workstation (127.0.0.1): icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.040 ms
That works! It also works for fully qualified names, for example
As a fallback, I wonder if it might be best to try to bind to
Thanks to CS_McMahon for the image above.